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Lch S Thanh Pho New Orleans

New Orleans la mot thanh pho ln nam ve pha nam tieu bang Louisiana, ben con song dai uon khuc Mississippi. Thanh pho nam trai dai ve pha ong con song va pha nam ho Pontchartrain. V thanh pho nam ben con song dai uon khuc nen co ten la "Thanh Pho Li Liem" (Crescent City). New Orleans vi so dan 496,938 (theo thong ke dan so nam 1990), la mot thanh pho ln nhat trong tieu bang Louisiana va cung la mot trong nhng thanh pho chnh cua mien nam Hoa K. Thanh pho, dai 177 cay so (110 mi), c thanh lap tren khoang o cao gan ca song Mississippi, cao hn mat bien t 3.65 m (12 ft) en o thap la 2 m (6.5 ft). V vay he thong nc, ong cong, va ap nc a c xay dng kheo leo e bao ve thanh pho khoi b lut loi. Kch thc at cua thanh pho rong 518 km vuong (200 sq mi). Kh hau mua ong cua New Orleans rat du dang va mua he rat nong nc am thap. Nhiet o trung bnh vao thang gieng la 13 o C (55 o F), va thang Bay la 28 o C (82 o F). Moi nam ma o xuong thanh pho khoang 1,448 mm (57 in).

Dan so thanh pho New Orleans bao gom nhieu nhan chung khac nhau nh: Anh, Phap, Phi Chau, Y, Ai Nh Lan, Tay Ban Nha, Cubans, Viet Nam. Dan Cajuns, hoac Acadians la giong doi ngi Phap b truc xuat khoi Nova Scotia (hoac Acadia) vao the ky 18 va la th dan di tru au tien tai New Orleans. Ho noi tieng tho ng (Cajun French) cua ho.

New Orleans la mot trong nhng hai cang ln nhat cua the gii va c xep hang au trong nc Hoa K v hang nam co the nhap cang en hang trieu tan hang hoa. Nhng hang hoa chnh xuat cang gom dau hoa, lua, bong gon, may moc, sat va thep. Kinh te cua thanh pho phan ln t cac hang khoan dau, cac hang bien che hoa hoc, nhom, nhng hang san xuat thc an va du lch.

Mot trong nhng bien co quan trong nhat cua thanh pho cho du khach la Le "Ba Beo" (Mardi Gras) thng to chc mot tuan trc Mua Chay.

Superdome la mot trong nhng kien truc noi tieng nhat the gii cua New Orleans. ay la mot san van ong trong nha khong lo, ni thu hut nhng buoi au the thao quan trong va cung la ni a at c mot cho ng hang au cho thanh pho ve nhng buoi hoi ngh quan trong. Rat nhieu tran Superbowl a c to chc ay.

Mot trong nhng di tang ac biet e lai cho thanh pho la "Trung Tam Hoi Ngh" (Convention Center) c xay trong thi gian Hoi Ch The Gii (World Fair). Hoi ch nay a keo dai sau thang va c to chc vao nam 1984 tai New Orleans.

Noi en New Orleans th cung phai nhac en nhng tiem an ngon, nhac Dixieland Jazz, nhieu van hoa khac nhau, va educational facilities. Tulane (1834), Loyola (1849), va Dillard (1869) la nhng Vien ai Hoc chnh cua thanh pho. Thanh pho New Orleans con noi tieng ve "The French Quarter", hoac "Khu Pho Phap Cu" (Vieux Carre) - khu vc nguyen thuy cua thanh pho, ni ma ngay nay con mang nhieu di tch lch s va nhng can nha vi cach kien truc ac biet theo kieu Phap thuoc.

New Orleans c thanh lap vao nam 1718 do ong Jean Baptiste Le Moyne, en t thanh pho Bienville, Phap quoc, khi Au Chau co cuoc i tm at mi. New Orleans la ten c at theo ten cua thanh pho Orlean ben Phap quoc. Thanh pho la thuoc a cua Phap cho en nam 1763, sau o c trao quyen cai tr cho nc Tay Ban Nha. Nam 1800, Tay Ban Nha nhng lai cho Phap cai tr. Nam 1803, vua Napoleon e Nhat a ban thanh pho New Orleans va toan lanh tho tieu bang Louisiana va cac tieu bang lan can (Louisiana Purchase) cho nc Hoa K. Nam 1815, ni nay cung a la on trai cua chien tran New Orleans nam 1812. Trong thi noi chien, mot oan tau phe Union di s ieu khien cua David Farragut a bao vay thanh pho nhng ho a b that bai vao ngay 25 thang 4 nam 1862.

Copyright 1997
New Orleans Vietnamese Online ( NOLAVIET.COM)
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